Managing your MPA using AIS
Managing your Marine Protected Area using AIS
Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) by means of AIS can be applied to the management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) – for more information on MCS, see the previous section.
Many global MPAs are under threat from pollution, overfishing, and exploitation. Access to these areas is typically by vessel, both small and large. These range from subsistence, artisanal and commercial fishers, through to cargo vessels and trawlers.
Indigenous users, who make balanced use of these areas, often suffer due to reduced catches and local pollution from Illegal Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishers, among other groups.
Mandating the carriage and operation of an AIS transponder on all vessels intending to access these MPAs allow the authorities to monitor all vessel activities, both legal and illegal. Even vessels that either do not carry, or deliberately disable their AIS transponder can be identified and their locations reported in relation to sightings by other AIS equipped vessels, i.e. triangulation.
Comprehensive AIS network management software allows for the setting of bespoke digital geographic waypoints and boundaries, that when crossed by an AIS equipped vessel, trigger on-screen, email and SMS alerts to system administrators.
Alerts can be defined by type of vessel (i.e. fishing vessel, pleasure craft, and passenger vessel), time spent within a defined area, speed of passage, time of entry and time of departure.
All of the above features are available in our MariWeb™ AIS network management software.